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All About Dogs / Plants that will posion your dog.
« Last post by jeff on August 18, 2016, 05:17:56 AM »
The flowers shown are only one viriety of each bulb name.  Remember most all come in many different colors and shapes but still fall under the same general name.
Bulbs: Amaryllis,      Autumn Crocus,
  Daffodil,  daffodil Day Lily,  Elephant Ears,  Gladiolas, Hyacinth,  Iris,
Lily of the Valley, Narcissus Orange Day Lily,

So you get the idea of what I a, saying about plants I dont think it is necessary to show a photo of every plant.  For the most part I would say do not allow your dog to eat any flower or plant just to be safe.

Ferns: Aparagus Fern, Australian Nut, Emerald Feather (aka Emerald Fern), Emerald Fern (aka Emerald Feather), Lace Fern, Plumosa Fern

Flowering Plants: Cyclamen, Hydrangea, Kalanchoe, Poinsettia
Garden Perennials: Charming Diffenbachia, Christmas Rose, Flamingo Plant, Foxglove, Marijuana, Morning Glory, Nightshade, Onion, Tomato Plant, Tropic Snow Dumbcane

House Plants: Ceriman (aka Cutleaf Philodendron), Chinese Evergreen, Cordatum, Corn Plant (aka Cornstalk Plant), Cutleaf Philodendron (aka Ceriman), Devil's Ivy, Dumb Cane, Golden Pothos, Green Gold Nephthysis, Marble Queen, Mauna Loa Peace Lily, Nephthytis, Peace Lily, Red-Margined Dracaena, Striped Dracaena, Taro Vine, Warneckei Dracaena
Lillies: Asian Lily (liliaceae), Easter Lily, Glory Lily, Japanese Show Lily, Red Lily, Rubrum Lily, Stargazer Lily, Tiger Lily, Wood Lily

Shrubs: Cycads, Heavenly Bamboo, Holly, Jerusalem Cherry, Mistletoe "American", Oleander, Precatory Bean, Rhododendron, Saddle Leaf Philodendron, Sago Palm, Tree Philodendron, Yucca
Succulents: Aloe (Aloe Vera)

Trees: Avocado, Buddist Pine, Chinaberry Tree, Japanese Yew (aka Yew), Lacy Tree, Macadamia Nut, Madagascar Dragon Tree, Queensland Nut, Schefflera, Yew (aka Japanese Yew)

Vines: Branching Ivy, English Ivy, European Bittersweet, Glacier Ivy, Hahn's self branching English Ivy, Needlepoint Ivy

Misc/Uncategorized: American Bittersweet, Andromeda Japonica, Azalea, Bird of Paradise, Buckeye, Caladium hortulanum, Calla Lily, Castor Bean, Clematis, Fiddle-Leaf Philodendron, Florida Beauty, Fruit Salad Plant, Golden Dieffenbachia, Gold Dust Dracaena, Heartleaf Philodendron, Horsehead Philodendron, Hurricane Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, Mother-in-law, Panda, Philodendron Pertusum, Red Emerald, Red Princess, Ribbon Plant, Satin Pothos, Spotted Dumb Cane, Sweetheart Ivy, Swiss Cheese Plant, Variable Dieffenbachia, Variegated Philodendron, Yesterday/Today/Tomorrow
All About Dogs / Foods that will posion a dog
« Last post by jeff on August 18, 2016, 05:15:58 AM »
 The kitchen can be a virtual playground for your dog's nose and taste buds. Most dogs love food and especially yearn for "people food". Dog experts have discouraged the feeding of table scraps to dogs for years because of the potentials for toxicity, obesity and general poor health. While healthy, well-balanced diets can be prepared for dogs using human food, it is essential to feed the right foods. Know what foods to avoid so you can prevent poisoning and keep your dog healthy. If you suspect your dog has ingested a toxic food, seek veterinary attention immediately.       Photo © David Silverman/Getty Images     Grapes and Raisins 
  • Grapes and Raisins can cause irreversible damage to the kidneys, possible resulting in death.
  • Ingesting as few as 4-5 grapes or raisins can be poisonous to a 20 pound dog, though the exact toxic dose is not established. Sensitivity depends on the particular dog
  • Signs of toxicity include vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, abdominal pain, decreased urine production (possibly leading to lack of urine production), weakness and drunken gait.
  • Onset of signs typically occurs within 24 hours (though they can start just a few hours after consumption)
  • Your vet may start by inducing vomiting, or the stomach might be pumped (gastric lavage). Treatment involves aggressive supportive care - particularly fluid therapy and medications.
  • Onions can cause a form of hemolytic anemia called Heinz body anemia, a condition that causes the destruction of red blood cells. Kidney damage may follow.
  • Toxicity may occur from similar foods such as garlic and chives.
  • It is not clear what quantity of onions is poisonous, but the effects can be cumulative. Poisoning can result from raw, cooked and dehydrated forms. Avoid feeding table scraps and any foods cooked with onions (including some baby foods). Check your ingredients!
  • Signs are secondary to anemia, such as pale gums, rapid heart rate, weakness and lethargy. Other signs include vomiting, diarrhea, and bloody urine.
  • Treatment: blood transfusions and/or oxygen administration may be necessary, followed by specific fluid therapy.
         Photo © Stephen Chernin/Getty Images     Chocolate 
  • Chocolate and cocoa contain a chemical called theobromide that can adversely affect the heart, lungs, kidney and central nervous system.
  • Pure baking chocolate is most toxic, while milk chocolate requires a higher quantity to cause harm. A 20 pound dog can be poisoned after consuming about 2 ounces of baking chocolate, but it would take nearly 20 ounces of milk chocolate to cause harm. Ingestion of cacao bean mulch can also be toxic.
  • Signs include excitement, tremors, seizures, vomiting, diarrhea, abnormal heart rate/rhythm, drunken gait, hyperthermia and coma.
  • Your vet may induce vomiting or perform gastric lavage. Treatment includes administration of activated charcoal and aggressive supportive care with fluid therapy and medications.
       Photo © Tim Boyle/Getty Images     Caffeinated Items 
  • Caffeine is quite similar to the toxic chemical in chocolate. It can damage the heart, lungs, kidney and central nervous system.
  • Commons sources of toxicity include caffeine pills, coffee beans and coffee, large amounts of tea, and chocolate.
  • Signs typically begin with restlessness, hyperactivity and vomiting. These can be followed by panting, weakness, drunken gait increased heart rate, muscle tremors and convulsions.
  • Your vet may induce vomiting or perform gastric lavage. Treatment includes administration of activated charcoal and supportive care with fluid therapy and medications.
         Photo © jessicafm on flickr     Macadamia Nuts 
  • Macadamia nuts, while generally not considered fatal, can cause your dog to experience severe illness.
  • The actually toxin is not known, nor is the mechanism of toxicity.
  • Ingestion of just a handful of nuts can cause adverse effects in any dog.
  • Signs include vomiting, weakness, depression, drunken gait, joint/muscle pain, and joint swelling.
  • Onset of signs typically occurs within 6-24 hours.
  • Dogs are typically treated symptomatically and recover within 24-48 hours. In-hospital supportive care may be recommend for dogs that become very sick.
        Photo © Hyoh on flickr     Xylitol 
  • Xylitol is a sugar-free sweetener most often found in chewing gum and candy. In dogs, it stimulates the pancreas to secrete insulin, resulting in hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Xylitol ingestion can also cause severe liver damage.
  • As few as two pieces of gum can be hypoglycemia to a 20 pound dog. A pack of gum can cause liver damage.
  • Signs of toxicity can occur within 30-60 minutes and include weakness, drunken gait, collapse and seizures.
  • Your vet may induce vomiting or perform gastric lavage. The affected dog will likely need to be treated intravenously with dextrose (sugar) and monitored closely for 1-2 days. Many dogs improve with supportive care if treated early enough, though liver damage can be permanent.
         Photo © Paul Hawthorne/Getty Images     Alchohol and Yeast Dough 
  • Alcoholic beverages contain ethanol - a seriously toxic chemical compound that causes central nervous system and respiratory depression.
  • Uncooked yeast doughs also produce ethanol.
  • Even small amounts of ethanol can cause toxic effects.
  • Signs include sedation, depression, lethargy, weakness, drunken gait and hypothermia (low body temperature).
  • Ethanol is rapidly absorbed into the system, so it is important to seek medical attention quickly. It is not usually helpful to induce vomiting. Treatment includes aggressive supportive care with fluid therapy and medications.
  • Under controlled circumstances, alcohol is used by veterinarians as an antidote for antifreeze (ethylene glycol) poisoning.
         Photo © cbowns on flickr     Fruit Pits and Seeds 
  • Apple seeds, cherry pits, peach pits, and plum pits contain the toxin cyanide.
  • Signs of cyanide poisoning include vomiting, heavy breathing, apnea tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, coma, skin irritation.
  • In some cases, antidotes are available. Other treatments include oxygen therapy, fluids and supportive care.
  • Also take note that the leaves, fruit, seeds and bark of avocados contain Persin, which can cause vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. Also, the fat content is not healthy for dogs.
         Photo copy; Justin Sullivan/Getty Images     Rotten or Moldy Foods  Moldy or rotten foods can cause many problems for your dog, some more serious than others. Any food that seems "past its prime" should be kept out reach. Be especially careful to keep your dog away from trash cans.
  • Botulism, often from garbage, can cause paralysis, slow heart rate, constipation, and urine retention. An antitoxin is effective only if poisoning is caught early enough.
  • Rotten fruit produces ethanol, causing the same effects associated with alcohol or dough ingestion.
  • Moldy foods contain toxins that may cause muscle tremors, convulsions and drunkenness.
  • Therapy depends on the toxin. Your vet may induce vomiting. Sometimes, treatment includes activated charcoal. Supportive care with fluids and medications is often necessary.
         Photo Chris Amaral / Getty Images     Other Foods to Avoid  Certain foods, while not considered toxic, can still be unhealthy for your dog. Avoid any foods that are high in fat, sugar or sodium. These foods can contribute to indigestion, obesity, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and more. Dairy products may be difficult for dogs to digest. Corn cobs and bones can cause GI obstruction. Cooked bones may splinter and break easily, risking GI damage. Like people, too much junk food can cause poor condition and decreased energy. Remember that your dog is smaller than you and may be sensitive. What seems like "just a bite" for you is more like a small meal for your dog. If you want to feed homemade food, seek advice from your vet. You may wish to meet with a nutritionist for diet recommendations.
All About Dogs / Do I have to register a service dog.
« Last post by jeff on August 17, 2016, 03:41:57 PM »
The answer is NO.  There are no legal Regulations that requires a service dog to be registered.  The Online registration sites are just to get your money.  If you train the dog yourself to preform a task that helps you if you have a legal disability you need to keep records of all training and I would suggest a video record in case you need it for a law suite later.  It will normally take between 18 and 24 months to train a dog to do all of the task he needs to learn to be a service dog.  Not only the task but also obedience training and potty training.
All About Dogs / Do I qualify for a service dog
« Last post by jeff on August 16, 2016, 01:01:45 PM »
Do I qualify for a service dog?
Mon, 03/25/2013 - 09:27 — Kirsten

The answer to this question may be more complicated than you expect. First, there are different definitions of disability in different federal laws. The definition for Social Security Disability Income is not the same as that in the Americans with Disabilities Act (which determines whether you qualify to use a service dog in public places where dogs are not generally permitted). It is possible for an individual to qualify for SSDI and not qualify for a service dog and vice versa. You must evaluate your situation separately for each context.

The definition of disability under the ADA is a legal, not medical, definition. Since a lawyer generally can't diagnose medical conditions and a doctor generally can't interpret the law, you may get stuck somewhere in the middle trying to figure it all out.

We've made a flow chart that incorporates the elements of the definition of disability contained within the ADA to try to help you sort through this question systematically.

You may want to review the legal definition as written by Congress for yourself, or review the entire Americans with Disabilities Act which includes some additional fine points you may notice in our flow chart in other sections.

Ultimately, what we recommend is that you take the flow chart or the written definition with you and discuss it with any doctor who is treating you or has treated you for your disability to get his opinion and to have his opinion entered into your permanent medical records.
All About Dogs / Understanding Dog Body Language
« Last post by jeff on June 27, 2016, 05:40:27 PM »
A dog can tell a lot about another dog just by looking at him and noting what the different parts of his body are doing. Understanding dog body language will help you understand better what you dog is trying to tell you .   Your Dog's Eyes
Direct eye contact means a dog is feeling bold and confident
Casual eye contact means he's contented
An averted gaze means deference
Dilated pupils indicate fear
Your Dog's Ears
Relaxed ears mean that a dog is calm and attentive
Ears that are up and forward mean a dog is challenging or being assertive
Erect ears show that a dog is alert and attentive
Ears that are laid back indicate that a dog is worried or scared
  Body Movements
Pawing is an appeasing gesture
Licking another dog's face is an invitation to play or a sign of deference
Play-bowing (front legs extended, rump up, tail wagging) is an invitation to play and a asign of happiness
Draping the head over another dog's shoulder is a sign of boldness
Freezing in place means a dog is frightened
Rubbing or leaning against another dog is a companionable gesture
  Mouth and Lips
Panting means that a dog is feeling playful or excited, or maybe he's just hot
A dog with a mouth and lips closed is uncertain or appeasing
Licking the lips is a sign a dog is worried or is being appeasing
A relaxed mouth means a dog is calm
Lips pulled back are a challenging or warning sign
  Hackles (the hair on the shoulders and hips)
Raised hackles indicate arousal, either because a dog is frightened or is challenging another dog
Smooth hackles show a dog is calm
A relaxed tail means a dog is calm and at ease
Tail down indicates worry or uncertainty
Tail held up and wagging fast indicates excitement
An erect tail is a sign of alertness
A tail between the legs is a sign of fear
All About Dogs / Tax deductions for service dogs in the United States
« Last post by jeff on June 27, 2016, 05:38:15 PM »
Tax deductions for service dogs in the United States

People with a guide dog or service animal are permitted to deduct the expenses related to the buying, training and maintenance of the dog or other animal. These are considered Medical Expenses and they are deductible in the United States[13]). This includes expenses for food, grooming, and medical care. It is limited to guide dogs or service animals for people with visual impairments, hearing impairments, or another physical disability.
All About Dogs / Service dog etiquette
« Last post by jeff on June 27, 2016, 05:37:19 PM »
Service dog etiquette

Most owners expect their service dogs to be treated as a medical device while in public. The health and safety of the owner may depend on the dog's ability to focus and resist distraction. Many service dogs are trained to avoid distraction when wearing their gear, but relax and are friendly when the gear is removed. An owner will expect to be asked for permission before another individual interacts with the dog.[8] It is advised not to pet a service dog unless having asked the owner permission. Distracting a service dog is considered disruptive.
All About Dogs / Where service dogs are allowed
« Last post by jeff on June 27, 2016, 05:26:29 PM »
Where service dogs are allowed

"Under the ADA, State and local governments, businesses, and nonprofit organizations that serve the public generally must allow service animals to accompany people with disabilities in all areas of the facility where the public is normally allowed to go. For example, in a hospital it would be inappropriate to exclude a service animal from areas such as patient rooms, clinics, cafeterias, or examination rooms. However, it may be appropriate to exclude a service animal from operating rooms or burn units where the animal’s presence may compromise a sterile environment."[2] For safety reasons, a service dog handler should take care and common sense into account when deciding if a questionable place is a safe place to bring their service dog, and make other arrangements for assistance if it is unsafe for the dog to be present (such as some extremely loud concerts, behind the scenes at zoos, work areas with a lot of heavy machinery or dangerous chemicals, etc.)
All About Dogs / What is a service dog
« Last post by jeff on June 27, 2016, 05:25:40 PM »

In the United States, the applicable law covering places of public accommodation is the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.[1] In 2010, the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section issued "ADA 2010 Revised Requirements; Service Animals." It states that:

    "Service animals are defined as dogs that are individually trained to do work or perform tasks for people with disabilities. Examples of such work or tasks include guiding people who are blind, alerting people who are deaf, pulling a wheelchair, alerting and protecting a person who is having a seizure, reminding a person with mental illness to take prescribed medications, calming a person with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) during an anxiety attack, or performing other duties. Service animals are working animals, not pets. The work or task a dog has been trained to provide must be directly related to the person's disability. Dogs whose sole function is to provide comfort or emotional support do not qualify as service animals under the ADA."[2]

This revised definition excludes all comfort animals, which are pets that owners keep with them solely for emotional reasons that do not ameliorate their symptoms of a recognized "disability"; animals that do ameliorate the conditions of a medical disability, however, such as animals that ameliorate the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, are included in the definition. Unlike a service animal, a comfort animal is one that has not been trained to perform specific tasks directly related to the person's disability. Common tasks for service animals include flipping light switches, picking up dropped objects, alerting the person to an alarm, reducing the anxiety of a person with post-traumatic stress disorder by putting its head on the patient, or similar disability-related tasks.[3] A service dog may still provide help people with emotions related to psychiatric disabilities, but the dog must be trained to perform specific actions, such as distracting the person when he becomes anxious or engages in stimming or other behaviors related to his disability.

While the ADA has narrowed the definition of service animals that are required to be permitted in places of public accommodation, other laws still provide broader definitions in other areas. For instance, the Department of Transportation's regulations enacting the Air Carrier Access Act permit "dogs and other service animals" to accompany passengers on commercial airlines.[4] The Fair Housing Act also requires housing providers to permit service animals (including comfort and emotional support animals) without species restrictions in housing.[5]

Because there is no certification of service animals in the United States, staff must take declaration of an animal's service status at face value, and furthermore are restricted in the questions they may ask about the animal:

    When it is not obvious what service an animal provides, only limited inquiries are allowed. Staff may ask two questions: (1) is the dog a service animal required because of a disability, and (2) what work or task has the dog been trained to perform. Staff cannot ask about the person's disability, require medical documentation, require a special identification card or training documentation for the dog, or ask that the dog demonstrate its ability to perform the work or task.[2]

Therapy dogs are usually not regarded as service dogs, but can be one with some organizations.

All About Dogs / Cleaning up after your dog is a law
« Last post by jeff on June 27, 2016, 05:23:36 PM »
Any person owning, keeping or harboring any dog or cat shall promptly remove and dispose of all feces left by the dog or cat on public property and on any private property not owned or lawfully occupied by such person within the city.
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